Author - Santiago Ardila

Will The New PBCS Changes Affect You?

Performance-Based Navigation (PBN) offers incredible benefits to air navigation. ICAO is working hard to harmonize Performance-Based Communication Surveillance (PBCS) requirements globally. It has released a manual (ICAO Doc 9613) for all countries to use, but each country may implement PBCS changes at their own pace. Therefore, it is important for Operators to identify which changes are being planned and implemented in their respective State. The North Atlantic (NAT) is in a multi-phase transition that includes new requirements for PBCS. The [...]

Pending Canadian Contemporary CRM Requirements for Commercial Ops

We have started receiving questions from Canadian commercial operators about Transport Canada’s AC 700-042 regarding “Contemporary CRM” training requirements for CAR 702, 703, and 704 operators.   The AC is very large and has a great deal of detail, including some probable mistakes (see the matrix in section 7.3, its notes and think through the implications…), so in the next weeks we will finish the gap audit of our content (we just finished a CRM revision which used the draft of [...]

Shawn Scott, Level Bust, Regulations

How to protect yourself from a level bust or worse due to incorrect altitude acquisition during a SID/STAR

ICAO Doc 4444 PANS-ATM (15th Edition) has recently been modified with Amendments 7a and 7b. Among the many changes contained in this document is a solution for the phraseological ambiguities with SID and STAR altitude and speed restrictions. With regards to altitudes, what are the operator’s expectations when given an altitude or flight level above the level published in the SID? For instance, should a pilot continue with the SID altitude profile and climb to the cleared altitude after [...]

What’s on Your Recurrent Training Menu?

Pilots tend to be very conscientious regarding compliance with regulations and accepted industry practices. This is even more so for pilots who depend on their aircraft for reliable business and personal transportation. Pilots of light business aircraft (LBA) have especially come to depend on these sophisticated aircraft to meet their ever-increasing travel demands. The LBA fleet includes piston, turboprop, and turbojet aircraft, and these aircraft are frequently operated single-pilot. One of the accepted industry safety practices is regular recurrent training. [...]

Safety Issues Involving Single-Pilot Operation of Turbojet Aircraft

Single-pilot operation of piston-engine light business aircraft (LBA) is common among small business owners who use these aircraft for transportation. In recent years, single-pilot operation has expanded to turbine-powered aircraft, including turbojets. The accident rate for single-pilot operation of LBA is several times higher than the rate for aircraft crewed by two-pilot professional crews. In the last two years, there were three high-visibility fatal accidents in the United States involving single-pilot turbojet operations. They have highlighted pilot performance deficiencies that [...]

The Importance of Managing Threats Instead of Reacting to Them

Author: Patrick Mendenhall On October 12, 2016, we were dispatched on a flight from Atlanta to Portland. The remnants from Hurricane Matthew had finally cleared in the Southeast at least, but the forecast for our 7:00 PM arrival in Portland was pretty much at Category I minimums. With a couple of decent alternates available and some extra gas, off we went on our five-and-a-half hour journey to the City of Roses. As we progressed across the country, the hourly ATIS updates [...]

Single-Pilot Operation, single-pilot, NBAA, safety

Industry Focuses on the Safety of Single-Pilot Operation of Business Aircraft

Author: Robert A. Wright The National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) Safety Committee held its annual risk assessment meeting in January. This event is designed to identify and rank the safety risks faced by business aviation worldwide. Among the top ranked risks is the single-pilot accident rate. Single-pilot operations are common among small business owners who use light business aircraft (LBA) for transportation. For these individuals, piloting their LBA is incidental to their main role in their business. This contrasts with the [...]

Training as an Effective Mitigation Tool

Author: Scott Macpherson At the NBAA BACE in Orlando, I presented the graphic below that we helped develop to illustrate the need for a proper Training Needs Assessment. We really want our clients to be able to do this for themselves because it is important. Please see one of the many blogs or LinkedIn entries that I have written about Training Needs Assessments and why they are necessary. The illustration depicts what should be considered to ensure that your non-type training [...]

Key Industry Events at NBAA Business Aviation Convention and Exposition (BACE)

Author: Robert A. Wright The National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) will be holding its annual Business Aviation Convention and Exposition (BACE) in Orlando, Florida from November 1-3, 2016. This event is a cornerstone event for NBAA and the business aviation community, and it offers multiple opportunities for those wishing to view the latest aircraft and technologies, as well as to hear from industry experts and participate in educational opportunities. The latter purpose is highlighted by two events that are of paramount concern to [...]

SRM, aircraft, resource management,

Industry Focuses on Single Pilot Business Aircraft Operators

Author: Robert A. Wright   The business aviation community has increased its focus on single pilot operation of light business aircraft (LBA). This focus is a result of increasing numbers of single and multi-engine turboprops and turbojets categorized as LBA. These LBA generally include aircraft with a maximum take-off mass of less than 5,700 kilograms (12,500 pounds). In addition, a few highly visible fatal LBA accidents have further increased industry and government interest in this community. The need for efficient on-demand air [...]